Education in Ethiopia

Ethiopia is a beacon on the continent for a pathway to universal education especially with the government’s raised investment in education, its well-organized education system, and its positioning as an experimental hub for innovative delivery models, like the Luminos Second Chance program.

In 2000, nearly 60% of primary-school age students were out of school in Ethiopia. Through new policies and increased investment in education, the national Ministry of Education has reduced this figure to 14%. While significant progress has been made towards universal primary education in Ethiopia, 2.2 million children remain out of school.

2.2M 

Number of children out of school (primary school)

14%

Percent of children out of school (primary school age)

38%

Persistence to last grade of primary school

27%

Government expenditure on education (as % of government expenditure)

55:1

Pupil-Teacher ratio

Barriers to Learning

Child Labor

Being forced to work / Working

Orphanhood

Losing your parents

Disability

Having a disability

Learning Environment

Struggling to learn

Poverty

Being poor

What We’re Doing

For nearly a decade in Ethiopia, Luminos has implemented the Second Chance program, an accelerated learning program that brings joyful learning to out-of-school children denied a chance to learn due to poverty, conflict, and discrimination. Over the course of 10 months, Luminos helps children between the ages of 9 and 14 (girls and boys in relatively equal numbers) to become literate and numerate and then to transition into government schools with their age peers. The curriculum covers the first three years of school so children are ready for 3rd or 4th grade when they transition and uses a play-based learning pedagogy that is child-centered, activity-based, and facilitator-supported. To date, Luminos has helped over 122,000 Ethiopian children become literate and continue on the path to opportunity.  

The model has been rigorously evaluated by the Centre for International Education at the University of Sussex. Over 90 percent of the children who start our program successfully transition back to their local government school. External evaluations also show that graduates of our program enter government school at slightly higher learning levels than their peers and persist through school at better rates.

The success of the Luminos program has sparked the imagination of the national government and regional education bureaus. Between 2017-2019, the Ministry of Education in Ethiopia piloted a government-run version of Second Chance with positive results. The national government has since requested that Luminos expand the collaboration and build the Ministry of Education’s capacity to support and deliver the program directly.

“Learning science amazes me! Everything I learn here makes me happy.”

Meet Tibebu

122,062

Children given a second
chance education

97%

Transition to
mainstream school

44%

Of students are girls

2,714

Second Chance facilitators trained

Cumulative Program Results

“I’ve evaluated the Luminos Fund’s programs in Ethiopia over a number of years and want to emphasize their impact educating out-of-school children as well as the great promise of the Ethiopian government to adopt the Luminos model in its own classrooms. Especially given Ethiopia’s focus on accelerated education through the COVID-19 pandemic and eventual recovery, Luminos’s programs and this type of NGO-government collaboration can serve as a model for resilient, transformative education during and after crises.”

Dr. Kwame Akyeampong

Professor of International Education and Development at the Centre for International Education, University of Sussex (UK)

Implementing Partners

In Ethiopia, the Luminos Fund’s core implementing partner is Geneva Global Ethiopia. Luminos works with the following organizations through Geneva Global:

  • Amhara Development Association
  • Bethsaida Restoration & Development Association
  • Development through Adult and Non-Formal Education
  • Education for Development Association
  • Emmanuel Development Association
  • Ethiopian Evangelical Church Makene Yesus and its Development & Service Commission
  • Genet Foundation
  • Hansesha Assistance & Development Organization
  • Ilu Women and Children Integrated Development Association
  • Operation Rescue Ethiopia
  • Organization for Development in Action
  • Professional Alliance for Development
  • Tigray Development Association
  • True Love Community Transformation
  • Wide Horizons for Children
  • Wolitta Development Association
  • Women Youth and Children Development


745 Atlantic Avenue  |  Boston, MA 02111  |  United States
+1 781 333 8317   info@luminosfund.org

The Luminos Fund is a 501(c)(3), tax-exempt charitable organization registered in the United States (EIN 36-4817073).