Our Results

In just 10 months, Luminos students progress from not recognizing letters of the alphabet to reading short stories. Below is a summary of our results to date, including highlights from a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of our program in Liberia and a study on Luminos’ long-term impact in Ethiopia.

Children brought back to school


Female students (2023-24 school year)

Teachers trained


Of students advance to mainstream schools


Of students are still in mainstream schools after 12 months


Luminos students are twice as likely to complete primary school than their peers

Indirect beneficiaries


(2023-24 school year)

Deep Impact

Results of a IDinsight randomized controlled trial (RCT) of the Luminos program in Liberia prove children in Luminos classrooms learn a huge amount in just one school year.

During the 2022-23 school year in Liberia, Luminos students could read four times as many words per minute and complete two times as many addition and subtraction problems as children in control communities. This impact mirrors external evaluation data from our two prior program years in Liberia when children achieved similar results. In this same three-year period, our program doubled from serving 2,400 students in the 2020-21 school year to 5,010 students in the 2022-23 school year.

The RCT results also confirm that the Luminos program is one of only three education programs that have been shown to be both transformational for children’s learning and cost-effective. This is measured using data from the 2020 Global Education Evidence Advisory Panel “Smart Buys” report on learning gains and USAID cost-effectiveness metrics.

A summary of the RCT is available here. To read the RCT in its entirety, click here.

Long-Term Impact

Luminos commissioned a series of external evaluations by the University of Sussex Centre for International Education to understand how effectively the Luminos program, also known as Second Chance, addresses the learning needs of out-of-school children. The most recent longitudinal study released in 2018 tracked 625 children who participated in Luminos’ 10-month program in 2011, completed it, and then transitioned to government schools. Their progress was compared against 1,250 government students. 

The study had some profound findings.

It shows that the Luminos program has a long-term impact. Even six years after completing the program and transitioning into mainstream government schooling, Luminos children continue to fare better than their government counterparts.

Read a summary of the longitudinal study

The full report and additional Luminos program evaluations from the University of Sussex are available on the Education Insights page.

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The Luminos Fund is a 501(c)(3), tax-exempt charitable organization registered in the United States (EIN 36-4817073).

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